BIN HAMBAL (164 A.H. - 241 A.H.)
Introduction of FIQAH
Imam A'zam Abu Hanifa, Imam Maalik, Imam Shaafi and Imam Ahmed bin Hambal (radi Allahu anhumul ajma'in)are the leaders of the four schools of Fiqh (Islamic Law).
"FIQH" is the Science of Islamic Law or Jurisprudence. It refers to the collection and compilation of Islamic laws based on the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). These great Muslims devoted themselves to the task of developing the science of understanding Islamic Law and its practise.
Although they differed
from each other, all the four great Imams had great respect for each
other. They were all teachers and pupils of each other for the
common goal of enhancing their knowledge about Islam. All of them
were unanimous on Aqa'ids (Islamic Beliefs). We, as Muslims, must
respect the different Sunni schools of thought.
Imam Abu Abdullah Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Hambal (radi Allahu anhu) was born in Marw on the 20th of Rabi-ul-Awwal 164 A.H.
His father, Sayyiduna Mohammed (radi
Allahu anhu) was a warrior (Mujaahid) and lived in Basrah, Iraq.
Imam Ahmed bin Hambal (radi Allahu anhu) was a very
intelligent child, keenly interested in furthering his Islamic
education. At the age of 16, he began studying Hadith literature. It
is said that he learnt almost a million Ahadith by heart. He became
a famous Jurist.
The great compilers of Ahadith, Imam
Bukhaari and Imam Muslim (radi Allahu anhuma), including his
teacher, Imam Shaafa'ee (radi Allahu anhu), have also
reported Hadith from him. Imam Shaafa'ee (radi Allahu anhu),
in spite of being the most learned in his time, used to refer to
Imam Ahmed bin Hambal (radi Allahu anhu) about certain
His most famous book is his "MUSNAD",
a kitab in which he collected about 50 000 to 70 000 Ahadith.