(150 A.H. - 204 A.H.)
Introduction of FIQAH
Imam A'zam Abu Hanifa, Imam Maalik, Imam Shaafi and Imam Ahmed bin Hambal (radi Allahu anhumul ajma'in)are the leaders of the four schools of Fiqh (Islamic Law).
"FIQH" is the Science of Islamic Law or Jurisprudence. It refers to the collection and compilation of Islamic laws based on the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). These great Muslims devoted themselves to the task of developing the science of understanding Islamic Law and its practise.
Although they differed
from each other, all the four great Imams had great respect for each
other. They were all teachers and pupils of each other for the
common goal of enhancing their knowledge about Islam. All of them
were unanimous on Aqa'ids (Islamic Beliefs). We, as Muslims, must
respect the different Sunni schools of thought.
Mohammed bin Idris Al Shaafa'ee (radi Allahu anhu) famously known as Imam Shaafa'ee was born in 150 A.H. and belonged to the Quraish tribe.
When he was 10 years old, he came to
Makkatul Mukarramah from Palestine where he grew up. He was very
intelligent and had an excellent memory. He memorized the entire
Holy Quran at the age of 7. By the age of 15, he had memorized the
entire Muwatta of Imam Maalik (radi Allahu anhu). Before the
age of 20, he studied Islamic Jurisprudence under the Mufti of
Makkatul Mukarramah, Sayyiduna Muslim bin Khalil al Zanji and also
Sayyiduna Sufyaan bin Uyayana (radi Allahu anhuma). Imam
Maalik bin Anas (radi Allahu anhu) was also his teacher.
He now studied Islamic Jurisprudence
under Imam Mohammed Ash Shaybaani (radi Allahu anhu), who was
the student of Imam Abu Yusuf (radi Allahu anhu), who was the
student of Imam A'zam Abu Hanifa (radi Allahu anhu). Thus,
Imam Shaafa'ee (radi Allahu anhu) became a master of both the
Hanafi and Shaafa'ee School of Fiqh.
In Egypt, scholars from all over the
world came to study at his feet. His famous pupils were Sayyiduna
Rabi bin Sulayman, Sayyiduna Abu Yacoob Al Ruwayta and Sayyiduna Abu
Ebraheem bin Yahya Al Muzani (radi Allahu anhumul ajma'in).